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The once great stupa survives only by its wide base. Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh.
A modern statue of the Buddha takes shape. Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh.
Rock-cut caves lead into many meditation chambers on multiple levels. Undavalli, Andhra Pradesh.
Ruins of an old brick stupa showing recent restoration. Ghantasala, Andhra Pradesh.
The serpent cave prepares to devour the visitor. Udayagiri, Orissa.
Even Hindus pay homage to the Buddha at the Peace Pagoda. Dhauli, Orissa.
Superbly decorated door jambs amidst monastic ruins. Buddhist Corridor, Orissa.
Grand old ruins in the middle of rural green countryside. Buddhist Corridor, Orissa.
Stupas in typical style of the Himalayan regions. Gangtok, Sikkim.
A Buddhist temple built out of stone. Rabangla, Sikkim.
A monk waits for offerings. Leh, Jammu & Kashmir.
Painted stucco on mud-plastered walls at the monastery. Thiksey, Jammu & Kashmir.
The grand monastery and temple complex. Hemis, Jammu & Kashmir.
Chortens dot the open landspace in the company of mountain ranges. Shey, Jammu & Kashmir.
Sunset puts one of the majestic gateways into silhouette. Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh.
Up to about 1st century AD the Buddha was worshipped through symbols including the Wheel of Dharma. Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh.
Brick and stone ruins spread among the famous stupas. Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh.
The Great Stupa with its beautiful stone palisade and gateways. Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh.
A brightly painted prayer wheel catches the morning sun. Lamayuru, Jammu & Kashmir.
Stupas near the temple on a bright day. Lamayuru, Jammu & Kashmir.
The monasteries of Ladakh are a world apart. Lamayuru, Jammu & Kashmir.
The universal Buddhist mantra carved in stone. Lamayuru, Jammu & Kashmir.
Pillars sculpted out of sheer rock at one of the caves. Bagh, Madhya Pradesh.
Rock-cut caves need modern support to keep them standing. Junagadh, Gujarat.
An Ashokan inscription preserved under a shelter records codes of morality. Junagadh, Gujarat.
The capital bears striking resemblance to protome capitals of ancient Persepolis. Bedsa, Maharashtra.
The stupa at the far end of the chaitya hall. Bedsa, Maharashtra.
A magnificent facade to one of the caves. Nashik, Maharashtra.
A modern meditation hall with a high central skylight. Nashik, Maharashtra.
Details of a cave facade. Ajanta, Maharashtra.
Chemically cleaned and preserved paintings at a cave entrance. Ajanta, Maharashtra.
The caves at Ajanta line a horseshoe-shaped rocky ridge. Ajanta, Maharashtra.
Rock-cut pillars betray work in progress and never to be completed. Ellora, Maharashtra.
Chaitya arches, elephants and ribbed bell capitals. Bedsa, Maharashtra.
A photography enthusiast tries out his skills at the cave entrance. Bedsa, Maharashtra.
Monastic cells in their restored brick ruins. Sirpur, Chhattisgarh.
More than life-sized stone Buddha in meditation. Sirpur, Chhattisgarh.
A votive stupa packed with Boddhisatvas in miniatures. Ithkori, Jharkhand.
A lotus opens up to another morning and bows to the temple. Bodh Gaya, Bihar.
Pilgrims from all over the world pray before the sacred Bodhi tree. Bodh Gaya, Bihar.
Offerings of marigolds, chrysanthemums and irises. Bodh Gaya, Bihar.
One of the oldest Buddhist caves in the country. Barabar Hills, Bihar.
Ancient script on stones of Mauryan polish document history. Nagarjuni Hills, Bihar.
The bamboo groves where the Buddha often stayed and the tank where he bathed. Rajgir, Bihar.
The Shanti Stupa built with Japanese initiative. Rajgir, Bihar.
The hallowed ground of Gridhrakuta Hill where the Buddha delivered many sermons. Rajgir, Bihar.
Temple No. 3, the grandest of all ruins in the complex. Nalanda, Bihar.
An Ashoka Pillar with its Lion Capital amidst ruins of votive stupas in brick. Vaishali, Bihar.
Beautiful mouldings adorn brick ruins. Vaishali, Bihar.
Ruins of the Chaukhandi Stupa catch the morning sun. Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
Head of the Buddha is being decorated with gold leaves. Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
Dhamekh Stupa is an important place of Buddhist pilgrimage. Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
Buddhist chaitya arch inspires a gateway facing Pakisthani border. Hussainiwala, Punjab.
Drums and their pleated cloths catch the sun at the Pemayangzte Monastery. Pelling, Sikkim.
Buddhist wall paintings of northeastern India reflect Tibetan influence. Bomdila, Arunachal Pradesh.
Monks wait for the early dinner as the mist rolls in. Bomdila, Arunachal Pradesh.
Local people use stones to count their rounds around Buddhist temples. Dhirang, Arunachal Pradesh.
Wall painting in the temple. Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.
Door knockers with colourfully braided cloths. Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.
Rain comes down and mist rolls in near the monastery. Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.